Deploying an operating-system image

You can use Lenovo XClarity Administrator to deploy an operating-system image to up to 28 servers concurrently.

Before you begin

Read the operating-system deployment considerations before you attempt to deploy operating systems on your managed servers (see Operating-system deployment considerations).

On the OS Images tab, ensure that the Deploy Status of the operating system that you want to deploy is set to "Ready." To deploy the Windows operating system, a WinPE boot file is required. If a matching WinPE file is not available, the Deploy Status is set to "Not Ready" and the operating system cannot be deployed. You must manually download and import a WinPE file (see Importing boot files).

From the Manage OS Images page, you can filter the list of OS images by clicking Show All > Deploy Status. You can filter the list to show only servers that have a status of "Ready," "Not Ready," and "Warning".

Note: If the deployment status for an operating-system image is "Not Ready," the operating system is not included in the list of deployable operating systems.

The English locale is supported by default. To specify a language-specific locale, you must use a custom configuration file and unattend file. For more information, see Deploying SLES 12 SP3 with a configurable locale and NTP servers and Deploying Windows 2016 for Japanese .

Note: Operating-system deployment to non-RAID attached storage is not supported.
Attention: If the server currently has an operating system installed, deploying an OS-image profile will overwrite the current operating system.

Procedure

To deploy an operating-system image to one or more managed servers, complete the following steps.

  1. From the XClarity Administrator menu bar, click Provisioning > Deploy OS images to display the Deploy Operating System: Deploy OS images page.
    Tip: For scalable complexes, the operating system is deployed on the primary partition; therefore, only the primary partition is included in the server list.
  2. Select one or more servers to which the operating system is to be deployed. You can deploy an operating system on up to 28 servers at one time.

    You can sort the table columns to make it easier to find specific servers. In addition, you can filter the list of displayed devices by selecting an option in the Show menu to list only devices in a specific chassis, rack, or group or by entering text (such as a name or IP address) in the Filter field.

    Tip: You can choose multiple compute nodes from multiple chassis if you intend to deploy the same operating system to all compute nodes.

    Illustrates the fields on the Deploy OS Images page.
  3. Click Change Selected > Network Settings to configure network settings.
  4. For each server, select the OS-image profile to be deployed from the drop-down list in the Image to Deploy column.

    Ensure that you select an OS-image profile that is compatible with the selected server. You can determine compatibility from profile attributes that are listed the Attribute column on the Manage OS Images page. For information about profile attributes, see Operating-system image profiles.

  5. For each server, click the License Key icon (License key icon) and specify the license key to use to activate the operating system after it is installed.

    XClarity Administrator supports default volume-license keys for Windows installations and individual retail keys for both Windows and VMware ESXi.

    To use the global volume-license key that you specified in the Global Settings dialog, select Use the volume license key defined in Global Settings. For more information about global volume-license keys, see Configuring global OS-deployment settings.

    To use an individual retail-license key, select Use the following retail license key, and enter the key in the following field.


    Illustrates the fields on the Select License Keys dialog.
  6. Optional: If you selected a Windows operating system for any server, you can join the Windows operating system to an Active Directory domain as part of the operating-system deployment by clicking the Folder icon (Folder icon) that is displayed next to the operating-system image, and then selecting the Active Directory name.

    To use the default Active Directory that you specified in the Global Settings dialog, select Use the Active Directory defined in Global Settings. For more information about joining an Active Directory domain, see Integrating with Windows Active Directory.

    To use an individual Active Directory, select Use the following Active Directory, and select the Active Directory domain.

  7. For each server, select the preferred storage location where you want to deploy the operating system image from the Storage column.
    • Local Disk Drive
    • Embedded Hypervisor
    • M.2 Drive
    • SAN Storage

    If the selected storage location is not compatible with the server, XClarity Administrator attempts to deploy the operating system to the next storage location in the priority.

    Note: For ThinkServer servers, only Local disk is available

    For more information about how to configure the storage location, see Choosing the storage location for managed servers.

    Note: To ensure that operating system deployments are successful, detach all storage from the managed server except the storage that is chosen for the operating-system deployment.
  8. Verify that the deployment status for all selected servers is Ready.
    Important: Ensure that the deployment status of all selected servers is Ready. If the status of a server is Not Ready, you cannot deploy an operating-system image to that server. Click the Not Ready link to get information to help resolve the problem. If the network settings are not valid, click Change Selected > Network Settings to configure the network settings.
  9. Click the Deploy images icon (Deploy image icon) to initiate the operating-system deployment.

    If custom configuration settings were added to the OS-image profile, the Custom Settings tab is displayed on the Deploy OS Image dialog. Specify custom settings, common server settings, and specific server settings, and then click Next to continue with the OS deployment. Note that OS deployment will not proceed if input is not specified for any required custom configuration settings.

What to do next

You can monitor the status of the deployment process from the jobs log. From the XClarity Administrator menu, click Monitoring > Jobs. For more information about the job log, see Monitoring jobs.

You can also set up a remote-control session through the baseboard management controller for the server to watch the installation as it progresses. For more information about remote control, see Using remote control to manage Converged, Flex System, NeXtScale, and System x servers.

Deployment information is saved for the operating system. You can view the deployment information by clicking Provisioning > Manage OS Access, and then hovering over the server name.